Characterization of the Montesinho Natural Park
The Montesinho Natural Park has a surface of 74 229 ha.
presents a heterogeneous relief, with plateaus , deep valleys and mountains being the most important the Serra de Montesinho, north of Bragança with 1486 meters of altitude and the Sierra de la Culebra, north of Vinhais with 438 meters in the riverbed Mind.
In it there an extensive biodiversity inhabited by species such as the Iberian wolf, the deer or the deer.
Located in the far northeast Portuguese, the Montesinho Natural Park occupies a Quad properly seated in the Spanish Sanabria, encompassing the areas of the mountains of Montesinho and Crown, covering the northern part of municipalities of Bragança and Vinhais, bordering the east and west with Spain.
is confined by meridians 6 30 '53' 'and 7 12' 9 '' west longitude of Greenwich, respectively to the east and west. The south is limited by the parallel 41º 43 '47' 'north latitude and northwards by 41 59' 24 '' latitude N.
North, Alto Tras-os-Montes, District of Bragança, municipalities of:
* Only part of the territory within the Protected Area
- Bragança - parishes:. Aveleda, Babe * * Baçal, Bragança (Sé), Carragosa, Castrelos *, Castro Hazelnuts * Deilão, Donai * Espinhosela, France, Gimonde * Gondesende * * Meixedo, Parâmio, Quintanilha *, Rabal, Rio de Onor, S. Julião palaces *;
- Vinhais - parishes: Edral * Fresulfe, Mofreita, Moimenta, Montouto, Paçó, Pinheiro New Quirás, Santa Cruz, Santalha, cork oak Low *, * Soeira, Travanca, Tuizelo * * Vila Verde, Lomba village * Bone Vilar Seco Vilar da Lomba, Vinhais *.
This area consists of a series of rounded hills and valleys deeply embedded, with altitudes ranging between 438 me the 1481 m. Set in transmontana cold earth, the shales are the dominant rocks, but can still be found granite, ultramafic rocks and small limestone spots.
The huge diversity of vegetation can be seen in paths of a few kilometers, lying oak, chestnut groves, sardoais, riparian forests, giestais, heather, Estevais, marshes, etc .. The oak situated in the park, dominated by Pyrenean oak Quercus pyrenaica are part of a continuum extending to the Serra da Nogueira, constituting one of the largest and most important spots of this species. The flora is very varied due to the large geological and climatic variability that characterizes this area, most notably the plants that occur in soils derived from ultrabasic rocks, where species in the world only here can be observed.
In accordance fauna, it is observed a high biological diversity resulting from the diversity of habitats occur in this mountain area. With more than 110 species of breeding birds, it is an important area for birds of prey such as the golden eagle ( Aquila chrysaetus , existing 3-4 couples of this species, corresponding to approximately 10% of its population. They are referenced to the Natural Park of Montesinho 70% of species of land mammals occurring in Portugal, with about 10% of threatened species status in Red Book the Portuguese Vertebrates . It is worth noting the presence of one of the most important Iberian wolf populations Canis lupus . With regard to reptiles and amphibians, They can be observed in this area 50% of endemismExisting Iberian in mainland Portugal.
The Montesinho Natural Park has a rich socio-cultural heritage with everyday comings practical uses and ancestral customs, although already marked by the increasing mobility of the people and by technological innovations. The festivals are an example of this, being a link between the villages and a pretext for the reunion of families and friends. Of particular value the ancient "Feasts of the Boys", made mainly in the area of the Spine at Christmas or Kings, according to the custom of each village. Another facet of regional culture is the traditional music, which always accompanies the festivities and marked by the sounds of bagpipes.
are still notable examples of popular architecture that using the characteristic materials of each region, the result of thousands of years of improvement and adaptation to the environment. There is also exclusively functional aspects in popular architecture worth highlighting, as the pigeon houses, mills and forges of the people
Source: Montesinho Natural Park - ICNF